Mammals, birds and reptiles vary the optical power by changing the form of the elastic lens using the ciliary body (in humans up to 15 dioptres).Fish and amphibians vary the power by changing the distance between a rigid lens and the retina with muscles.Note that these effects are most noticeable when the pupil is large; i.e. The age-related decline in accommodation occurs almost universally to less than 2 dioptres by the time a person reaches 45 to 50 years, by which time most of the population will have noticed a decrease in their ability to focus on close objects and hence require glasses for reading or bifocal lenses.Accommodation decreases to about 1 dioptre at the age of 70 years.In this, distances vary for individuals from the far point—the maximum distance from the eye for which a clear image of an object can be seen, to the near point—the minimum distance for a clear image.
This process can occur in as little as 224 ± 30 milliseconds in bright light . By the fifth decade of life the accommodative amplitude can decline so that the near point of the eye is more remote than the reading distance. Once presbyopia occurs, those who are emmetropic (do not require optical correction for distance vision) will need an optical aid for near vision; those who are myopic (nearsighted and require an optical correction for distance vision), will find that they see better at near without their distance correction; and those who are hyperopic (farsighted) will find that they may need a correction for both distance and near vision.Even in his most accommodating mood he inspires a dread of treachery.With an accommodating chaperon who knew no German, the couple could do and say what they pleased.This military hospital is capable of accommodating 3,000 soldiers.But I am an accommodating man, and we can come to terms very easily.
Until currently, virtually all surgical techniques that have been proposed for its correction are based on the induction of pseudoaccommodation in the presbyopic eye, including multifocality.